Here’s why floating wind power is the future—and how offshore expertise from Norway is making it possible
In the future, the world will depend on climate-friendly generation of electricity—and it’s offshore industry expertise from Norway that’s making the transition possible.
Stine Myhre Selås is a structural engineer working for Equinor. Together with her colleague Astrid Fosså Ekseth, she’s on a trip offshore to the coast of Scotland, looking up at the world’s first floating offshore wind farm, Hywind Scotland. They like what they see.
“I was involved in the work building these in Spain,” says Selås proudly. “It’s really cool to see them in real life.”
Facts about Hywind Scotland
- The world’s first floating offshore wind farm, with 5 turbines
- Pilot park covering around 4 square kilometres
- Installed capacity: 30 MW
- Diameter 154 m
- Maximum height, base to turbine: 253 m
- Water depth: 95-120 m
- Spar-type substructure
- Standard offshore wind turbine
- Powering ~20,000 UK homes
- Export cable length: Ca. 30 km
- Average wave height: 1.8 m
Suitable for harsh conditions, simple 3-line mooring system, patented motion control reduces fatigue, increases production
How do we make a 253-metre high wind turbine float?
Structural engineer Stine Myhre Selås explains how ballast provides the key to making the Hywind turbine float upright.
Stine Myhre Selås started working for Equinor nine years ago, after coming straight from her studies with a master’s degree in marine engineering. She admits there are still many challenges to be solved, but believes wind power today can be compared to the pioneering early years in Norway’s oil industry in the 1970s.
“Initially there weren’t many oil engineers in Norway, but experts from the geoscientific, shipping, mechanical and construction industries were used and built on their expertise. It's a little bit like we're working on developing new renewable projects today, she says.
More about Hywind Scotland pilot park:
“Much of the knowledge we have acquired over the course of almost fifty years of oil production can be used in our wind power projects.”
Stine Myhre Selås, structural engineer in Equinor
Wind energy is climate-friendly
New advances in renewable energy are constantly being made. One of the areas that Equinor is focusing on is offshore wind. And a lot of this expertise comes from oil and gas, because these are also big projects out at sea.
“This is just the beginning. We will be able to build even better turbines and even larger wind farms in the future,” says Myhre Selås.
How much electricity does a wind turbine produce?
Stine Myhre Selås explains how much energy is generated by just half a turn of the blades. (For English captions, press CC)
Went from oil to wind
Project manager Astrid Fosså Ekseth has worked with oil in Equinor for many years. She’s now heading up the department working on the preparation for operation of planned renewable projects.
“The turbines will be three times as tall as the Statue of Liberty and will supply power to 500,000 households in New York.”
Astrid Fosså Ekseth, head of preparations for planned renewable projects, Equinor
“For me, the transition to renewable energy went surprisingly well. In oil and gas projects I have learned about marine operations and project implementation, which is the competence you need in wind projects as well.”
Astrid Fosså Ekseth explains how Hywind Scotland power comes to shore (for English captions, press CC)
She says the plan now is to scale up and build larger wind farms, some floating like Hywind Scotland and some that are bottom-fixed, such as the Empire Wind wind farm outside New York.
“New York is among the cities in the world with the most ambitious climate targets, and wind is an important part of the solution. For Equinor, this is a big project, and I'm sure our experience from oil and gas projects will come in handy again,” says Fosså Ekseth.
Equinor’s major investments in wind
Equinor's portfolio of offshore wind projects is growing:
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