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Here’s why floating wind power is the future — and how offshore expertise from Norway is making it possible

Two women offshore wearing protective equipment
Stine Myhre Selås (right) and colleague Astrid Fosså Ekseth are engineers working for Equinor. Here they are visit Hywind Scotland offshore Peterhead.
Foto: David Gustavsen Tvetene, VG Partnerstudio/Equinor

In the future, the world will depend on climate-friendly generation of electricity — and it’s offshore industry expertise from Norway that’s making the transition possible.

“I was involved in the work building these in Spain,” says Selås proudly. “It’s really cool to see them in real life.”

16 years after the Hywind design was first sketched out on a napkin by a couple of Norwegian Equinor engineers becalmed on a sailing trip together, the Hywind Scotland wind farm could start supplying the Scottish town of Peterhead with electricity in 2017.

Even though it’s a relatively calm day out at sea off Aberdeen, the large offshore wind supply vessel is rolling rhythmically in the swell. High above the deck, one of the five floating wind turbines rotates with a gigantic circumference of 154 metres, driven by the wind. This wind farm is the first of its kind in the world, and the start of what could be Norway's next industrial adventure — and an important contribution to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Facts about Hywind Scotland

  • The world’s first floating offshore wind farm, with 5 turbines
  • Pilot park covering around 4 square kilometres
  • Installed capacity: 30 MW
  • Diameter 154 m
  • Maximum height, base to turbine: 253 m
  • Water depth: 95-120 m
  • Spar-type substructure
  • Standard offshore wind turbine
  • Powering ~20,000 UK homes
  • Export cable length: Ca. 30 km
  • Average wave height: 1.8 m

Suitable for harsh conditions, simple three-line mooring system, patented motion control reduces fatigue, increases production.

Illustration of Hywind Scotland wind turbines and dimensions

How do we make a 253-metre high wind turbine float?

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Stine Myhre Selås explains how ballast provides the key to making the Hywind turbine float upright. (In Norwegian only)

Stine Myhre Selås started working for Equinor in 2010, after coming straight from her studies with a master’s degree in marine engineering. She admits there are still many challenges to be solved, but believes wind power today can be compared to the pioneering early years in Norway’s oil industry in the 1970s.

“Initially there weren’t many oil engineers in Norway, but experts from the geoscientific, shipping, mechanical and construction industries were used and built on their expertise. It's a little bit like we're working on developing new renewable projects today, she says.

Much of the knowledge we have acquired over the course of fifty years of oil production can be used in our wind power projects.

Stine Myhre Selåsleader within offshore wind technology in Equinor
Stine Myhre Selås

Wind energy is climate-friendly

New advances in renewable energy are constantly being made. One of the areas that Equinor is focusing on is offshore wind. And a lot of this expertise comes from oil and gas, because these are also big projects out at sea.

“This is just the beginning. We will be able to build even better turbines and even larger wind farms in the future,” says Myhre Selås.

How much electricity does a wind turbine produce?


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Stine Myhre Selås explains how much energy is generated by just half a turn of the blades. (In Norwegian only)

Went from oil to wind

Astrid Fosså Ekseth worked with oil in Equinor for nearly five years. Then she started heading up the department working on the preparation for operation of offshore wind projects.

“For me, the transition to renewable energy went surprisingly well. In oil and gas projects I have learned about marine operations and project implementation, which is the competence you need in wind projects as well.”

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Astrid Fosså Ekseth explains how Hywind Scotland power comes to shore. (In Norwegian only)

She says the plan now is to scale up and build larger wind farms, some floating like Hywind Scotland and some that are bottom-fixed, such as the Empire Wind wind farm outside New York, which is scheduled to deliver first power in the mid-2020s.

“New York is among the cities in the world with the most ambitious climate targets, and wind is an important part of the solution. For Equinor, this is a big project, and I'm sure our experience from oil and gas projects will come in handy again,” says Fosså Ekseth.

The Empire Wind turbines will be three times taller than the Statue of Liberty and supply power to one million homes in New York.

Astrid Fosså Eksethproject leader technology management
Astrid Fosså Ekseth

Hywind Scotland

Equinor has long experience with wind power in the UK, having already built and put into operation Sheringham Shoal, Dudgeon and Hywind Scotland, the world’s first floating offshore wind farm powering around 36,000 British homes.

Read more about Hywind Scotland

Equinor's offshore wind business

Equinor's portfolio within offshore wind projects is growing. Read more about what we do here.

Our offshore wind business