H21 North of England
“H21 North of England” is a joint report that sets out how 3.7 million homes and 40,000 businesses in the north of England could be converted from natural gas to hydrogen and made emission-free by 2034.
Equinor has contributed to the report, prepared jointly with Northern Gas Networks and Cadent in 2018, which shows how hydrogen could play a central role in the decarbonisation of the heating sector.
We have been a major gas supplier to the UK for many decades and we are a global leader in CCS. The H21 North of England report recommendations therefore fit well with our strategy of being a broad energy company dedicated to sustainable solutions for the low carbon future.
Clean hydrogen can be produced from natural gas using existing technology, at a self-powered production facility with carbon capture technology. The resulting CO2 which is captured as a by-product of the process can be stored safely in saline aquifers far below the seabed, such as those off the north east coast of England.
Magnum power plant, the Netherlands
In an innovative joint hydrogen project with Vattenfall and Gasunie, Equinor is participating in converting Vattenfall’s Magnum gas-fired power plant in the Netherlands to run on hydrogen, potentially reducing Dutch CO2 emissions by up to 4 million tonnes per year.
When opened, the project will replace carbon emissions with water vapour, by switching natural gas for hydrogen. The project aims to convert one of the three units at the power plant to hydrogen by 2023. Nuon Magnum will be the world’s first such facility to generate 100% carbon-free power using hydrogen as fuel, upon completion.
As part of the joint venture, Equinor’s role in the project will be to supply the hydrogen needed to operate the plant’s turbines, and to store the resulting carbon dioxide in underground facilities off the Norwegian coast, where we have been storing captured carbon dioxide from the Sleipner field for over 20 years.
The Magnum gas power plant currently has three combined cycle gas turbines (CCGT) with a capacity of 440 MW each. One CCGT emits approximately 1.3 million tons of CO2 per year.
H-vision blue hydrogen project, Rotterdam
Equinor has been partner in the first phase of the H-vision project, a large-scale production and utilisation of blue hydrogen that will allow local industry in Rotterdam to substantially reduce its CO2 emissions well before 2030.
The focus of this programme is on the production of hydrogen using natural gas and refinery fuel gas. The CO2 that is released during production will be captured and stored in depleted gas fields under the North Sea. The hydrogen obtained can then be used as a low-carbon energy carrier in industrial processes to generate high temperatures or to produce electricity.
As a result, H-vision enables Rotterdam based petrochemical industry and power producers to reduce its emissions in a relative short time-frame whilst the project paves the way for the arrival of green hydrogen, which generates zero CO2 in its production. H-vision has the potential to help developing Rotterdam as a hydrogen hub for import, production, market and export.