ENGIE and Equinor join forces in the development of low-carbon hydrogen
ENGIE and Equinor announce their partnership to develop joint low-carbon hydrogen activities.
Equinor has joined the NortH2 project which aims to produce green hydrogen using renewable electricity from offshore wind off the coast of the Netherlands.
As a potential way to help customers in the power, heating and transportation sectors reduce their emissions, Equinor is looking into early stage opportunities for converting natural gas to clean hydrogen, while capturing and storing the CO2.
It is still early days, but we see this as an exciting opportunity for natural gas in the future.
Producing hydrogen from natural gas with carbon capture and storage, so-called blue hydrogen, could also be the key to keeping Norwegian gas valuable in a low carbon future. Below, we describe several projects in which we are participating to evaluate this approach.
In the journey to zero-carbon energy, many people believe that hydrogen should be considered the world’s destination fuel. The carbon capture and storage part of this journey is the essential transitional step to facilitating a longer term, sustainable, global hydrogen economy.
“H21 North of England” is a joint report that sets out how 3.7 million homes and 40,000 businesses in the north of England could be converted from natural gas to hydrogen and made emission-free by 2034.
Equinor has contributed to the report, prepared jointly with Northern Gas Networks and Cadent in 2018, which shows how hydrogen could play a central role in the decarbonisation of the heating sector.
We have been a major gas supplier to the UK for many decades and we are a global leader in CCS. The H21 North of England report recommendations therefore fit well with our strategy of being a broad energy company dedicated to sustainable solutions for the low carbon future.
Clean hydrogen can be produced from natural gas using existing technology, at a self-powered production facility with carbon capture technology. The resulting CO2 which is captured as a by-product of the process can be stored safely in saline aquifers far below the seabed, such as those off the north east coast of England.
Equinor, Open Grid Europe (OGE) and Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe (tkSE) have been working on a suitable concept for the generation and transport of blue hydrogen to the largest German steelworks in Duisburg since 2019.
Hydrogen from natural gas and combined carbon capture and storage, so called ‘blue hydrogen’, will be key in decarbonizing hard-to-abate sectors such as cement, steel and other type of heavy industries and transport. With the potential to produce 800,000 Nm3/h (~2.7 GW) of hydrogen, the H2morrow project is one of the largest decarbonization projects in Europe.
The H2morrow project was initiated back in 2018 through a joint study between Equinor and Open Grid Europe (OGE), the largest transmission grid operators in Germany. It highlighted the high potential to generate and transport blue hydrogen to German industrial clusters such as in North Rhine-Westphalia. The year after a feasibility study was conducted with the steel producer Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe (tkSE) to develop a suitable concept to supply blue hydrogen to the largest German steelworks in Duisburg. The gas transmission operator Thyssengas also joined the consortium as associated member to complement the expertise in the infrastructure planning in the Ruhr area.
The project could be in operations by 2027 and supply blue hydrogen to the biggest steel plant in Germany, enabling up to 11 million tonnes of CO2 savings per year while producing annually up to 7 million tonnes of climate-neutral steel.
Currently the project and all partners focus together on developing the appropriate policies and regulatory framework to bring it to a robust business case.
Blue hydrogen can be produced in large quantities comparatively quickly, which means that the hydrogen demand expected by industry can be met quickly.
"H2morrow steel" currently plans to transport natural gas from Norway via the existing transport network to an autothermal reforming plant (ATR) on the German or Dutch North Sea coast. The plant should have a capacity of around 2.7 GW, of which around 0.6 GW can be delivered to third parties. The remaining 2.1 GW are used for steel production by Thyssenkrupp Steel Europe and provide energy for up to 7 million metric tonnes of decarbonised steel per year.
Equinor has been partner in the first phase of the H-vision project, a large-scale production and utilisation of blue hydrogen that will allow local industry in Rotterdam to substantially reduce its CO2 emissions well before 2030.
The focus of this programme is on the production of hydrogen using natural gas and refinery fuel gas. The CO2 that is released during production will be captured and stored in depleted gas fields under the North Sea. The hydrogen obtained can then be used as a low-carbon energy carrier in industrial processes to generate high temperatures or to produce electricity.
As a result, H-vision enables Rotterdam based petrochemical industry and power producers to reduce its emissions in a relative short time-frame whilst the project paves the way for the arrival of green hydrogen, which generates zero CO2 in its production. H-vision has the potential to help developing Rotterdam as a hydrogen hub for import, production, market and export.