Even in a two-degree scenario, the world will be dependent on oil and gas for many years to come. Oil is necessary for transport, in food production and for the production of plastics and other products that we use in our daily lives—but the world’s production of oil and gas is falling. Even in a low-carbon future, the world will still require new oil fields equivalent to 20 times Norway’s current total production in 2035. With one of the world’s lowest carbon emissions from production, Johan Sverdrup will be one of the most important oil fields providing sufficient energy for a growing global economy.
The Johan Sverdrup field is powered from shore, placing it among the oil and gas fields with the lowest CO2 emissions in the world. Emissions from production of oil and gas from Johan Sverdrup average only 0.67kg CO2 per barrel, which compares with average emissions on the Norwegian Continental Shelf of 9kg CO2 per barrel and globally of about 18kg CO2 per barrel.
In the second phase of the development, the Johan Sverdrup field will also supply shore power to other fields on the Utsira High, including the Edvard Grieg, Gina Krog and Ivar Aasen fields. Emission reductions from Johan Sverdrup alone are estimated at more than 620,000 tonnes of CO2 on average per year, corresponding to annual emissions from more than 310,000 private cars.