Renewables and low-carbon solutions in Equinor
Learn more about what Equinor is doing in renewables and low-carbon solutions such as wind and solar, hydrogen, CCS & CCUS.
Photo: Zara Walker. Unsplash
How do we stop CO2 reaching the atmosphere and exacerbating global warming? One solution that will be increasingly important to develop is capturing and storing carbon underground — quite literally putting it back where it came from. Equinor is a leading pioneer in this technology, called CCS.
Carbon capture, utilisation and storage, or CCS/CCUS, is an important emissions reduction technology that can be applied across the energy system.
CCS is one of the measures that the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recommends to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The International Energy Agency states that we will need to store billions of tonnes of CO2 every year if we are to reduce global warming.
We have been developing technology for more than 20 years
We are part of more than 40 CCS projects
A millennium of Norwegian CO2 emissions can potentially be stored beneath the North Sea
CO2 will be stored up to 2 km beneath the sea bed, permanently and safely
Northern Lights will have an initial storage capacity of 1.5 million tonnes CO2 annually.
The Northern Lights project is part of the Norwegian full-scale CCS project. The full-scale project includes capture of CO2 from industrial capture sources in the Oslo fjord region (cement and waste-to-energy) and shipping of liquid CO2 from these industrial capture sites to an onshore terminal on the Norwegian west coast. From there, the liquified CO2 will be transported by pipeline to a storage location subsea offshore in the North Sea, for permanent storage.
The solution being considered will have an initial storage capacity of around 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year. Once the CO2 is captured onshore, it will be transported by ships, injected and permanently stored 1,000—2,000 meters below the seabed.
This set-up is a unique solution and enables accommodating large CO2 volumes—from across Europe—that would otherwise have been emitted.
By sharing our research and expertise with research institutions, academia, other companies and authorities we also contribute to the further development of CCS worldwide.